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In 1994, Shulman joined the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, a grantmaking
institution for arts and sciences as well as higher education and scholarship. He wrote about educational policy
issues and missions for not-for-profit institutions, as well as worked on a
variety of research, administrative, and investment tasks. He subsequently held the position of
Financial and Administrative officer and directed the initiative to build the College and Beyond database with 34 participating colleges and
universities. The database strives
to answer assess questions regarding the educational benefits of diversity in a
university setting, the experiences of minority students, and overall trends in
the values and management of universities nationwide. Shulman helped to develop it into a
significant resource for scholars researching higher education.
With the foundation of ARTstor by
the Mellon Foundation in 2001, Shulman became Executive Director of the new
3. 2001-Present: Executive Director
5. External Links
Shulman received his BA and Ph.D
from Yale in Renaissance Studies.
In his dissertation, he examined how heroes made decisions in the
complex world of renaissance epic poetry.
It received the John Addison Porter Prize.
Shulman’s dissertation of
renaissance epic poetry forms the foundation for his book, The Pale Cast of Thought: Hesitation and
Decision in the Renaissance Epic. He also wrote the introduction to
Robert K. Merton’s The Travels and Adventures of Serendipity: a Study
in Historical Semantics and the Sociology of Science. From his knowledge and
experience gained through work on the College and Beyond database, he
collaborated on The Shape of the River: Long-term Consequences of
Considering Race in College and University Admissions and also co-wrote The
Game of Life: College Sports and Educational Values in 2001. This book assesses the
way that athletics has influenced the educational policies of highly selective
and prestigious universities as well as the relationship betweens college
athletes and their achievements post graduation.
Director of ARTstor
Founded in 2001, ARTstor’s objective
is to implement advances in technology to support education and research. Faced with the common challenge of
digitizing universities expansive image archives, ARTstor posed a solution by
making images of art, sculptures, and architecture, provided by libraries,
museums, and archives, available online for a yearly subscription fee. Images can even be downloaded from the
site to be used in slide shows for lectures or projects.
Modeled after JSTOR, which was also sponsored
by the Mellon Foundation, ARTstor provides an online digital database of images
for consumers to use for educational purposes. ARTstor differs from JSTOR in that it deals with primary
materials while JSTOR mostly provides secondary sources. In 2005, ARTstor incorporated almost
85% of Art Museum Image Consortium (AMICO), contributing to its creation of an
enormous database of high quality images.
James Shulman has been instrumental
in developing ARTstor into the leading database for online distribution of
images for pedagogical purposes.
As Executive Director, he has worked through various challenges, such as
copyright and intellectual property rights laws, ways to market their database
to universities and professors, integration between ARTstor images and images
from other sources in an offline viewer, and the expanding of the database to
be as inclusive and thorough as possible.
He works to provide to make ARTstor a long-term community resource for
with ARTstor’s James Shulman: http://www.libraryjournal.com/article/CA625307.html
Interview with James Shulman: http://connect.educause.edu/blog/mpasiewicz/aninterviewwithartstorsja/1714
- New York
Times Article- “Far Flung Artworks, Side by Side Online” http://www.nytimes.com/2003/05/22/technology/circuits/22muse.html?ex=1222833600&en=e738b750baa5e790&ei=5070
York Times Article- “The Disappearing Scholar-Athlete” http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html? res=9B03EFDF143DF935A35757C0A9649C8B63&scp=10&sq=james%20shulman&st=cse